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The Viking World - HIS 243: Find Sources

Primary Sources

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What is a primary source?

Primary sources are materials that provide first-hand information that is factual, without analysis or interpretation.  The accounts may be from the time they occurred or created at a later date by someone with first-hand knowledge; for example, a memoir. 

Types of primary source materials may be words, images, or objects.

Some examples are:

  • Artifacts like fossils, furnuture, clothing, pottery or jewelry
  • Original works of art, literature, or music; e.g., a novel or a painting
  • Autobiographies (not biographies)
  • Correspondence
  • Government documents; e.g., laws, presidential papers
  • Vital records like birth certificates
  • Diaries, letters, interviews, manuscripts
  • Personal narratives
  • Photographs, postcards, maps
  • Published results of clinical trials or experiments
  • Newspaper and magazine articles that contain first-hand factual accounts

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Recommended search terms:

  • europe history 392-814
  • europe history 476-1492
  • great britain history anglo saxon period
  • iceland history
  • middle ages
  • scandinavia history to 1397
  • viking civilization
  • vikings
  • vikings history