Where to Find Basic Information
To start, city-data.com provides statistics about most US cities and towns, including population statistics, demographics, and more. You should also check ILoveNY.com for New York State tourism information.
Many towns, cities, and villages have their own websites that provide a lot of information. A simple Google search of the town will often bring up their official site. Just remember to include "New York" in your search so that you don't get the official town website of Albany, California. Below are the websites of a few local towns and cities.
Below are links with some quick, fun facts about New York State and the counties/towns in this area.